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Altos del Plata

 Al-tos dale pla-tah
Roughly translates as "Heights of Silver", this is the name of the first tier of wines from Terrazas de los Andes.


A Grand Cru village in the Montagne de Reims subregion of Champagne. This village is the souce of Krug's Clos d'Ambonnay - a single vineyard Champagne made from Pinot Noir

Appelation dOrigine Controlee

 ah-pell-la-sci-own do-ro-gene con-tro-lay
French: Set of strict laws regulating wine production, region-by-region, literally "controlled designation of origin".

Arbeg Uigeadail

 ard-beg oog-a-dal
Name of Scottish loch (lake) on Islay that has supplied water to Ardbeg distillery.


A single-malt Scotch whisky from the Isle of Isla produced since 1815.

Ardbeg Airidh Nam Beist

 ard-beg arry-nam-bayst
A premium expression of Ardbeg: non chill-filtered, 46% Alc., aged in ex-bourbon oak barrels.

Ardbeg An Oa

 an oh
Ardbeg An Oa is singularly rounded, due in no small part to time spent in our newly established bespoke oak Gathering Vat where whiskies from several cask types - including; sweet Pedro Ximénez; spicy virgin charred oak; and intense ex-bourbon casks, amongst others.


Artein is the Scots Gaelic word for stone, and is an intriguing, hand-selected 15 years old Glenmorangie. Dr. Bill Lumsden experimented with extra maturation in "Super Tuscan" wine casks that held the best Italian wines cultivated on the most improbable of stony grounds.


Assemblage is the art of blending in regards to Champagne. It's the fine art of choosing the best wines from each variety of grape, vineyard, and vintage to create the best expression of the Champagne house.


Astar : A Journey in pursuit of perfection. From the majestic peaks of the Missouri Ozarks, to the sweeping grandeur of the Highlands of Scotland, Astar (from the Scottish Gaelic for 'journey') is the story of Glenmorangie’s quest to design the very best oak casks that will deliver perfection in the final single malt whisky.


French: Village appellation in France's Champagne region


A Grand Cru village in the Côte des Blancs subregion of Champagne home to some of the most prized Chardonnay vineyards.


A Grand Cru village in the Vallee de la Marne subregion of Champagne located in the hills above Epernay.


 boo-moont sur veil
A Grand Cru village in the Montagne de Reims subregion of Champagne located southeast of Reims

Beauté du Siècle

 bo-tay do see-ec-le
Hennessy's deluxe Cognac

Benoit Gouez

Benoit Gouez has been the chef de cave at Moët & Chandon since 2005.

Blanc de Blancs

 Blawn duh Blawn'
French: White of Whites, denoting the use of all white grapes; in Champagne only Chardonnay

Blanc de Noirs

 blahnc de nu-are
French: White of Blacks, denoting use of only red grapes in sparkling wine; in Champagne only Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier


Tequila term. "White spirit, unaged and bottled or stored immediately after distillation, or aged less than two months in stainless steel or neutral oak barrels"


French: A sub-appellation in Cognac; one of a total of six

Bouilleur de Profession

 boo-ee-yer de pro-fess-sion
French: A master distiller of brandy (eaux-de-vie)

Bouilleurs de Cru

 boo-ee-yer de-crew
French: An artisanal distillery


A Grand Cru village in the Montagne de Reims subregion of Champagne home. Home to many prized Pinot Noir vineyards as well as red wine making facility (for rose) owned by Veuve Clicquot.

Bras Arme

 bra ar-may
French: Symbol, logo and trademarked phrase of Hennessy Cognac, literally "armed arm"


French: First yield in a sequence of distillations to produce brandy and/or Cognac

Castilla La Mancha

 cas-ti-ya la man-cha
A delimited wine region in central Spain

Charentais Alembic

 shar-ren-tay a-lem-bik
French: A copper still in traditional Charente design


French: A delimited grape producing region in southwest France

Château Bagnolet

 cha-toe de ban-o-lay
French: The 18th century mansion in Cognac, owned by Hennessy

Château Cheval Blanc

 Shot-toe Shev-al Blawn
French: One of only two "Grand Cru Classe-A" properties in Saint-Émilion, in the Bordeaux wine region of France.

Château d'Yquem

 cha-toe dee-kem
French: The world's most famous sweet, late-harvest wine, a Premier Cru Superieur property from the Sauternes

Cheval des Andes

 cheve-al days andys
Famed Argentinian wine property in Mendoza grape-growing region


Grand Cru village located in the Côte des Blancs subregion of Champagne.


French: A noble red wine grape, originally from southern France, also grown worldwide


Term to describe red wine from Bordeaux, originally employed in Great Britain's wine trade. Also used as the name for Newton Vineyard's Red Label Claret.

Clos d'Ambonnay

 klo dam-bon-ay
Single vineyard bottling of Krug Champagne. A Blanc de noirs Champagne, made entirely of Pinot Noir from a single 0.685 hectares vineyard in Ambonnay.

Clos du Mesnil

 klo dew may-neel
Krug Clos du Mesnil, a very rare Champagne, showcases the unique character of a single plot of Chardonnay, harvested in a single year.


Tequila term. A coa, also known as a "coa de jima" is a specialized tool for harvesting agaves.


Grape that was used widely in distillation of Cognac but now only makes up a small percentage of the grapes used. It can also be found in Armagnac.


 con dre-uh
Appellation in Rhone Valley

Consejo Regulador

 con-say-o reg-u-la-door
Spanish wine regulatory body for delimited wine region


Ardbeg Corryvreckan is named after Europe’s largest whirlpool which lies off the coast of Islay and is celebrated in Celtic mystery and legend. The single malt scotch is predominately matured in French oak casks on Islay.

Cote de Bars

 coat de bar
Sub region in French Champagne district, in the Aube

Cote de Beaune

 coat de bone
A world-famous wine growing area within France's Burgundy region, one half of the Cote d'Or.

Cote de Nuits

 coat de new-ee
A world-famous wine growing area in France's Burgundy region, the other half of the Cote d'Or

Cote de Sezanne

 coat de say-zahn
One of five delimited sub-regions in France's Champagne AOC

Cote des Blancs

 Coat day Blawn
One of five delimited sub-regions in France's Champagne AOC

Cote Rotie

 coat row-tee
A world famous wine appellation in France's Rhone Valley


 cree an-zah
Spanish: meaning a wine is vintage dated on release.


A añejo tequila that has had the color filtered out.

Cru Bourgeois

 crew boar-jwaa
In the Medoc, a specific classification for wine not in the 1855 rankings


French: A special blend or "batch" of wine, still or sparkling


Also known as "disgorging" in English. This is the process that Champagne producers use to remove the lees (spent yeast cells) from the wine.


 Dem-mee Seck
French: In Champagne terminology, off dry to rather sweet.

Denominacion de Origen Calificada

 de-nom-ee-nah-schione deh or-ee-gene cal-ee-fa-ka-dah
Spanish: A specific quality wine area; e.g. Rioja

Denomizazione di Origine Controllata e Garanita

 de-nom-ee-nah-schione dee or-ee-gene eh gar-ran-tee-ah
Italian: A specific quality wine area; e.g. Chianti

Dom Pérignon

 dom pair-eeng-yon
Moët & Chandon's Prestige Cuvée, named after famous French monk who pioneered the creation of Champagne in 17th century.


Dosage is the mixture of wine and sugar added to the wine and is one of the final steps in the Champagne making process. Traditionally measured in grams per liter.


 oh de vee
French expression meaning "water of life". When distilling a fruit-based spirit, the clear, colorless fruit brandy is known as eaux-de-vie.

Echelle des crus

 eh-shell day crew
In Champagne, system by which grape crops are ranked and priced based on harvest quality and where they are grown.

Entre Deux Mers

 en-tra deh mair
Winegrowing region just east of Bordeaux, France.


One of two "capital" cities in France's Champagne region, the other being the town of Reims.


After Reims, Èpernay is the other major population center in the Champagne region. Located in the Marne department it is home to many Champagne houses, including Moët & Chandon.


"étoile" French. Translates as "star". Also the brand name of the premium sparkling wine from Chandon in Napa, California.


Family of Cognac blenders associated with Hennessy.


Glenmorangie Finealta is a painstaking recreation of a recipe dating back to 1903. Matured in a combination of American white oak casks and Spanish Oloroso sherry casks this whisky is unusual for its light touch of peatiness - a reminder of a time when Glenmorangie dried its barley in a peat fired kiln.

Fins Bois

 feen bwaa
One of six sub-regions in the Cognac appellation in France.

Folle Blanche

 foal blansh
Grape used in distillation of Cognac, also used in Armagnac. In Cognac, it makes up for less than 5% of the grapes planted. The trip produces wines with very high acidity, ideal for distillation.


Spanish name for Grenache grape, originally from France.

Geoffroy, Richard

 Ree-Shard Jaff-wah
The Chef de Cave of Dom Pérignon since 1990.


Famed Single Malt Scotch Whisky line.


Spanish grape, key in Rioja, besides Tempranillo grape.

Grande Cuvée

 grand coo-vay
Name of Luxury, Multi-Vintage Krug Champagne.


System of training vines, after eminent French viticulturalist.


A machine used to automate the riddling process when making Champagne. Allows the winemaker to have precise and consistent control compared to manually riddling the bottles by hand.

Haut Medoc

 o may-doc
Winegrowing region just north of Bordeaux, France.


Hautvillers is a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France and is home to the Hautvillers Abbey. This abbey is where the Benedictine monk Dom Pérignon lived and worked.

Indicazione Geografica Tipica

 in-dick-ka-zee-one geo-graaf-ee-ca tip-ee-ka
After DOCG, second level of quality certification for Italian wines.

Institut National des Appelations dOrigine

 ann-stee-too na-cion-al daze apple-la-schion dor-o-jean
French wine regulatory body, based in Paris.


Island off Scotland's west coast, famed for smoky malt whiskies.


Jalisco is a state in Mexicon with Guadalajara as the capital and is considered the home of tequila.


Tequila term: the agave harvesters. Jimador harvest the agave plants for the production of Tequila.

Joie de Vivre

 jwa de vee vre
French. The hearty or carefree enjoyment of life. Translates as "joy of living".


Renowned producer that is one of the Grande Marques of Champagne.

La Bonne Chauffe

 la bun shoaff
French: 2nd of two stage distillation process for Cognac.

La Grande Dame

 la gran dam
Veuve Clicquot's Prestige, vintage-dated Cuvée


Noted Italian wine region in Piedmont.

Las Compuertas

 Las Com-puer-tas
Roughly translates as the "gates" and the name of the famed vineyard of old Malbec planted at Terrazas de los Andes.


Glenmorangie Lasanta is a single malt whisky that has been extra matured in Spanish Oloroso Sherry casks after a minimum of 10 years in ex-bourbon casks.

Le Mesnil-sur-Oger

 may-kneel sir oh-jay
A Grand Cru village in the Côte des Blancs subregion of Champagne home. Often to referred to as just "Le Mesnil", this village is home to the renowned Clos Mesnil that produces the Krug single vineyard blanc des blanc by the same name.


Region in France whose capital is Limoges.

Liquer de Triage

 li-keer deh tree-ahge
French: Dose sugar and yeast added to trigger 2nd fermentation sparkling wines.

Liquer dexpedition

 li-keer decks-pe-di-sion
French: Final dose of reserve wines and sugar to balance final blend or cuvée.

Los Aromos

 Los A-rome-mas
Another name for a species of tree - better known as the Mimosa or Silk tree. It is also the name of the famed vineyard that Terrazas de los Andes uses for their Single Vineyard Cabernet Sauvignon.


A Grand Cru village in the Montagne de Reims subregion of Champagne


French wine region in the southern part of Burgundy. Known primarily for their white wines made from chardonnay.

Mailly Champagne

 ma-eee sham-payne
A Grand Cru village in the Montagne de Reims subregion of Champagne home.


Delimited wine region in Chile.


Spanish grape, used in Rioja blend; known as Carignan in France.

Methode Traditionelle

 may-tudd tra-dis-ee-own-elle
Substitute name for methode champenoise in European Union.


French: "vintage"

Moët & Chandon

 moe-et ay shan-done
Moët & Chandon: World's most famous and best-selling brand of Champagne.

Montagne de Reims

 mon-ten deh rance
Noted region in France's Champagne appellation.


French Noble grape, originally planted in Rhone Valley, now worldwide.

Nectar D'Or

 neck-tar dore
A captivating single malt whisky with a tremendous 'gourmand' appeal, The Nectar D'Or is Glenmorangie's delicious, complex base spirit that, after a minimum of 10 years in ex-bourbon casks, is then extra matured in specially hand selected Sauternes wine barriques.

Nectar Impérial

 neck-tar am-pear-ri-al
Moët & Chandon's line of demi-sec Champagne.

Negociant Manipulant

 nay-ghos-see-an maa-nip-u-lan
A Champagne House that buys grapes to make its Champagnes.


The Numanthia estate is situated at Valdefinjas, a small village in the Zamora province. Numanthia was founded in 1998 by the Eguren familly, native of Rioja, in order to create the best wine of the Toro appellation.


Recently and late disgorged prestige cuvée from Champagne Dom Pérignon.


Grand Cru village located in the Côte des Blancs subregion of Champagne. This village is southeast of Epernay.


Ultimate expression of blender's art from Hennessy Cognac.


Esteemed appellation in France's Medoc wine region near Bordeaux.


Located south of Mendoza at the foot of the Andes Mountains, this is small sub-region that primarily focuses on Malbec and Cabernet Sauvignon.

Petit Cheval

 puh-tee shuh-val
2nd wine of Château Cheval Blanc in France's St. Emilion appellation.


Tequila term: The heart of the agave plant that is harvested and used to the create the spirit for tequila.

Pinot Meunier

 pee-no mun-yay
French red noble grape, used in blending Champagne, most notably.

Plafond limite de classement

 pla-fon lee-me-tay de class-menh
French: Maximum grape yield permitted in given appellation or district.


French: Final bottle shaking process before corking Champagne.


The maiden name of Veuve Clicquot: Barbe-Nicole Ponsardin


Grand Cru village in the Montagne de Reims subregion of Champagne. The village is just outside of Reims.


Literal translation from French is "desk". This is the riddling rack used in the Champagne making process to move the spent yeast cells into the neck of the bottle in preparation for disgorgment. This process was invented and mastered by the widow Clicquot.


Tiny appellation in France's Loire Valley, Sauvignon Blanc reigns here.

Quinta Ruban

 keen-ta roo-bahn
Glenmorangie's Quinta Ruban is a single malt whisky that is transferred from the original ex-bourbon cask and then extra matured or "finished" in port pipes, shipped from the "Quintas" or wine estates of Portugal.

Recoltant Manipulant

 ray-kol-ton ma-nip-u-lan
Champagne growers who make wine from their grapes.


Famous French town in Champagne region, along with Epernay.


Also known as "riddling"

Rendement annuel

 ron-de-moun anne-u-elle
Annual yield or level of grape harvest.

Rendement de base

 ron-de-moun de bahz
Base quantity tons per acre (kilos/hectare) permitted in annual Champagne grape harvest, but may be higher in any given year.


Noted wine appellation located in central France.

Richard Geoffroy

 ree-shar goff-wai
Richard Geoffroy is Creator and Chef de Cave of Dom Pérignon since 1990.


An Extra-Dry bottling from Chandon in California. This wine "captures the ripe fruit essence of California’s sun-drenched vineyards".


Any rosy-hued wine.


Oldest House of Champagne, founded in 1729. Famous for their blanc de blancs champagne.


World-famous sweet wine from French appellation of the same name near Bordeaux.


Grand Cru village in the Montagne de Reims subregion of Champagne; southeast of Reims


Area in Scotland near Spey river, famous for its single-malt Scotch whiskies.

St Emilion

 sant ay-me-yon
World famous wine appellation near Bordeaux, France.

Sur Latte

 sur lat
The term to describe the way Champagne producers store wines on their sides in the cellar during aging.

Sur lies

 sur lee
The aging of the wine on it's spent yeast cells ("the lees").

Sur Pointe

 sir pu-wunt
After a bottle is riddled, the bottles are stored upside-down (on their 'point').


The juice from the second pressing of the grapes. Considered to be of a lesser quality.


The village where the Glenmorangie distillery is located in the Highlands of Scotland.


 ten lair-mi-taj
Highly sought-after wines from this Rhone Valley village.


Spain's most famous noble red grape, employed in Rioja most notably.


The award winning Termanthia from Numanthia is the ultimate expression of the best of vineyard plots in Toro with vines that over 120 years old and at an altitude of 800 meters.


From Numanthia, Termes shows Toro's quintessential fruit: Ripe but fresh, with velvety texture and lively structure, this wine leaves a general impression of balance and elegance.

Terrazas de los Andes

 tear-ra-zas de lohs anne-dez
World-famous winery in Argentina's Mendoze region, in MH USA portfolio.

Terret Noir

 tear-ray nu-ar
Noble grape variety grown in France's Rhone Valley.

Teso los Carriles

 Ta-so Los Car-ree-less
One of the exceptional Numanthia plots of 12 acres in Argujillo with vines over 120 years old; the vineyard’s name in rough translation is "Road on the Hill". This is where the grapes for the Termanthia wine are grown.

Tete de Cuvée

 tet de coo-vay
French: Top of the line bottling from Champagne House or winery.

Tête de Cuvée

 tet da cue-vay
(AKA Prestige Cuvée) - The highest quality wine a producer makes


 tool sir marn
A Grand Cru village in the Vallee de la Marne subregion of Champagne east of Epernay.


French: a variety of oak, used in barrel making.

Ugni Blanc

 oo-nee blahnk
French Noble grape, used in production of Cognac and Armagnac.


Ardbeg Uigeadail takes its name from the loch on Islay that has supplied water to Ardbeg distillery for centuries. This premium expression has been created from specially selected casks from 1990, 1993 plus much older, sherry cask-matured Ardbeg.

Vallee de la Marne

 val-ay de la marn
French region in Champagne appellation.


A Grand Cru village in the Montagne de Reims subregion of Champagne home. Primarily home to Pinot Noir vineyards.


A Grand Cru village in the Montagne de Reims subregion of Champagne home. Primarily home to Pinot Noir vineyards.

Veuve Clicquot

 vuv klee-koo
One of the world's most recognized brands of Champagne.

Vin Clair

 von claire
Another name for the base wines used in the production of Champagne

Vin de Pays

 vihn de pay-ee
French: literally, "country wines", a classification that is a level below VDQS wines, see next entry.

Vin Delimite de Qualite Superieur

 vihn day-limb-me-tay de kal-lee-tay sue-peer-ree-ere
French: literally "delimited wines of superior quality", a step above country wines, see above.

Vin Doux Naturel

 vihn doo neh-chew-relle
French: literally, "sweet natural wines", a fortified sweet wine.

Vino Joven

 vee-no yo-van
Spanish: literally "young wine", a wine meant to be consumed in months or up to a year after harvest, much like a Beaujolais Nouveau.

Volcán de mi Tierra

 vol-kahn day me tee-air-rah
The super-premium tequila from Moët Hennessy