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Timeline

1500  | 1600  | 1700  | 1800  | 1900  | 2000

1500

1593: Château d'Yquem founded

Château d'Yquem was founded by a descendant of a local noble family, Jacques Sauvage, who was given feudal tenure over Yquem. A few years later, the Sauvage family built the present chateau and consolidated, plot by plot, the vineyard we know today.

1600

1638: Dom Pierre Pérignon is Born

Dom Pierre Pérignon (1638-1715) the Benedictine monk who becomes cellar master at the abbey of Hautvillers near the town of Épernay is born in 1638.

1638: Louis XIV of France born September 5th, 1638

Also known as the "Sun King". Was known to be fond of the "straw colored wines of Brother Dom Pérignon".

1657: Dom Thierry Ruinart is born June 10, 1657 in Reims

Dom Thierry Ruinart (1657-1709), a Benedictine Monk in the 17th century (who is buried in the same church as his contemporary Dom Pérignon), was one of the most brilliant minds of his day and a respected theologian.

1700

1709: Dom Thierry Ruinart dies - September 27, 1709

During a trip to gather research for a chronicle of the life of St. Benedict, Dom Thierry Ruinart became ill and passed away at the Abbey of Hautvillers near Reims, September 27, 1709.

1729: The House of Ruinart established

Ruinart is established with these words: "In the name of God and the Holy Virgin shall this book be opened" It was with these words, written by Nicolas Ruinart on 1 September 1729, that the House of Ruinart was officially established. A true entrepreneur, Nicolas Ruinart fulfilled the ambition of his uncle, the Benedictine monk Dom Thierry Ruinart, to make Ruinart the premier champagne house.

1730: Ruinart Ships Their First Bottles of Champagne

First shipments of Ruinart are sent out (170 bottles). Key customers are the noble and the notable.

1743: Moët & Company is Founded

On March 10, 1743 Claude Moët, who had been a wine trader in Epernay since the early 18th century, founded the Maison Moët.

1764: Ruinart becomes the first producer of rose Champagne

Historians at Champagne Ruinart found papers recording that on March 14, 1764 (250 years ago) Ruinart sold bottles of rose Champagne. It was previously thought that Veuve Clicquot was the first to produce and sell rose Champagne, in 1775.

1765: Hennessy Cognac established

Ever since its founding, Hennessy Cognac has been driven to create the world's best cognacs. Its founder, Richard Hennessy, was so charmed by the region that he established a trading firm in the town of Cognac. Under the leadership of his son James, the company prospered and took the name it still has today: Jas Hennessy Co.

1768: Ruinart Acquires their Crayeres

Ruinart acquires crayeres (extensive chalk quarries) and uses them to store wine.

1770: Cloudy Bay is Discovered by Captain Cook on his Voyage to New Zealand

The winery takes its name from the bay at the eastern extremity of the Wairau Valley. It was named Cloudy Bay by Captain Cook on his voyage to New Zealand in 1770. The Maori people of the region called this bay "Te Koko-o-Kupe".

1772: Foundation of the House of Clicquot

Philippe Clicquot, a successful businessman with banking and textiles holdings, founded the house of Clicquot in 1772.

1775: The House of Clicquot Exports their first Rosé Champagne

The first bottles were exported to Switzerland.

1777: Barbe-Nicole Ponsardin is Born

Barbe-Nicole Ponsardin, born December 16, 1777 in Reims, was the daughter of a wealthy father, Ponce Jean Nicolas Philippe Ponsardin (from 1813, Baron Ponsardin), a textile manufacturer and politician. Her mother was Jeanne Josephe Marie-Clementine Letertre Huart.

1787: Moët Arrives in the USA

Moët is first exported to the United States in 1787.

1788: The New Head of Hennessy: James Hennessy

James Hennessy, Richard's son, takes over the house

1792: Jean-Remy Moët Assumes Control of the House

Jean-Remy Moët will assume control of the House in 1792. The grandson of the founder perfectly understands the power of seduction of Champagne. He wants to share the magic of champagne with the world.

1794: Hennessy Arrives in the USA

Hennessy is first imported into the USA by Schieffelin & Co. and arrives in New Amsterdam (NYC).

1794: Lawrence & Schieffelin established

Lawrence & Schieffelin, a newly formed partnership expanded to become an importer and wholesaler of pharmaceuticals on a national level, establishing its headquarters on Pearl Street in NYC. This company was the forerunner of Schieffelin & Somerset, a partnership of the world's leading wine and spirit companies, Moët Hennessy and Guinness UDV.

1798: François Clicquot and Barbe-Nicole Ponsardin are married.

Barbe Nicole Ponsardin married François Clicquot on June 10, 1798.

1800

1802: Jean-Remy Moët Becomes Mayor of Epernay

1804: Jean-Remy Moët Meets Napolean

1805: Death of François Clicquot.

Madame Clicquot takes over the reins of the business.

1810: Clicquot Releases the First Vintage Dated Champagne

1810: The House of Clicquot is Renamed as Veuve Clicquot Ponsardin

1815: Ardbeg is founded

The Ardbeg distillery was founded in 1815, although historians believe that pirates had been making whisky there for 25 years before the official incorporation.

1816: Invention of the Riddling Table at Veuve Clicquot

1817: Hennessy Creates the V.S.O.P Category

Creation of the initials V.S.O.P, following the order from the future King George IV of England. "Very Superior Old Pale"

1827: Grand Marnier Distillery is Founded

Creation of the Lapostolle distillery by Eugene Lapostolle.

1831: Ruinart Arrives in the USA

In 1831, the great grandson of the founder, Edmond Ruinart, opened the doors to the American market. After a 38-day passage across the Atlantic Ocean, he personally introduced Ruinart to President Andrew Jackson and the rest of the United States.

1832: Château Cheval Blanc Founded

1833: Moët becomes Moët & Chandon

In 1833, Jean-Remy Moët hands over control of the company to his son Victor and son in law Pierre-Gabriel Chandon. The brand is renamed Moët & Chandon.

1840: Château de Bagnolet purchased

Purchase of Château de Bagnolet by Auguste Hennessy, the son of James.

1842: First Vintage of Moët

1843: Krug family establishes Champagne house

Since November 1, 1843, with unique single-mindedness and sense of purpose, the Krug family has proudly cultivated the markedly individual character of their exceptional champagne. Theirs is a living legend, a certain idea of excellence that has been quietly redefined through six generations without a break. Krug's founder, Johann-Joseph Krug, was a maverick who turned his back on a comfortable position in an established champagne house to strike out on his own. He had not only the vision, but also the talent, to achieve his ambition of creating a champagne with a taste quite unlike any other.

1843: The Glenmorangie Distillery founded

The Glenmorangie Distillery was founded by William Matheson on the north shore of the Tain peninsula in Ross-shire, Scotland. In the 1880s, Glenmorangie Distillery started importing whisky to mainly expatriate Scots in the British Empire Colonies, Europe and the USA. Headquartered in Edinburgh, the company produces three main malt brands -- Glenmorangie Single Highland malt whisky, Glen Moray Speyside malt whisky and Ardbeg single Islay malt -- in addition to a range of other whiskies.

1854: Louis Vuitton Malletier founded

Louis Vuitton: Malletier a Paris was founded by Monsieur Vuitton in 1854 on Rue Neuve des Capucines in Paris. In 1858, Monsieur Vuitton introduced his flat-bottom trunks with trianon canvas that were lightweight and airtight. As the brand became successful and prestigious, many other luggage makers began to imitate LV's style and design. Louis Vuitton today boasts 15 production workshops, an international logistics center, and more than 390 exclusive shops worldwide.

1865: Hennessy Creates V.S.

Hennessy invented the classification of cognacs in 1865 with a star system that was inspired by a design on the windows of the Hennessy offices. V.S replaced the Three Stars in 1965.

1869: Moët Impérial is Launched

As a tribute to Napoleon, the 'Impérial' designation appears on Moët's bottles.

1870: Hennessy Creates the X.O Category

Creation of the first X.O (eXtra Old) by Maurice Hennessy with aged cognacs that were reserved for family and friends.

1872: The Phylloxera Crisis in France

The Phylloxera is responsible for the biggest crisis in the French wine and spirits trade. Phylloxera is an insect that attacks the roots of vines. There was no cure for it at the time.

1873: First Appearence of the Iconic Yellow Label

With the 1873 vintage, Veuve Clicquot launches their iconic yellow colored label.

1880: Grand Marnier Cordon Rouge is Created

Grand Marnier Cordon Rouge is created and launched by Louis-Alexandre Marnier Lapostolle.

1886: Krug at the unveiling of the Statue Of Liberty

Paul Krug I was asked to have Krug served at the official unveiling of the Statue Of Liberty

1893: Moët & Chandon granted Royal Warrant by Queen Victoria

In 1893, Queen Victoria granted her royal warrant to Moët & Chandonn for the very first time. ("Royal warrants of appointment have been issued for centuries to tradespeople who supply goods or services to a royal court or certain royal personages")

1899: The Research and Development Institue at Moët is Founded

Moët & Chandon created the first R&D institute in the champagne region in 1899.

1900

1903: Krug granted first ever Champagne Royal Warrant

Krug history is very connected to UK since its foundation. Krug was granted the first ever Champagne Royal Warrant by King Eduard of England.

1909: The Six "Crus" in Cognac are Established

The boundaries of the "crus" in the Cognac region are designated.

1910: Distillery at Polmos Zyrardów in Poland is founded.

This is the distillery that many years later will produce Belvedere Vodka.

1912: Phillps Beverage Company Founded

Phillips Beverage Company, later to become Millennium Imports who would become the importers of Belvedere Vodka, is founded.

1919: Prohibition voted into law

This was a difficult year for the wine and spirits industry. However, the amendment did allow for "medicinal liquor" and suddenly the number of Americans requiring such "medicine" skyrocketed. Under this provision, Schieffelin & Co. is permitted to import Moët & Chandon champagne. Business was good and sales flourished, creating the need for a wine and spirits importing division immediately following Repeal.

1920: Moët and Hennessy and Schieffelin & Co.

Moët & Jas. Hennessy Co. appointed Schieffelin & Co as its sole U.S. agent.

1927: Grand Marnier Releases Cuvée du Centenaire

The creation of the Grand Marnier Cuvée du Centenaire celebrating the 100th year anniversary of their distillery.

1936: The first release of Dom Pérignon

The first vintage of Dom Pérignon (1921) was released for sale in 1936, after the Great Depression.

1941: CIVC Founded

Robert-Jean de Vogüe, the head of Moët & Chandon becomes the first co-president of the Comite Interprofessionnel du vin de Champagne (CIVC).

1946: Foundation of the BNIC in Cognac

The self-governing body for Cognac is created.(Bureau National Interprofessionnel du Cognac)

1953: Queen Elizabeth II reaffirms Moët & Chandon's Royal Warrant

Queen Elizabeth II came to the throne in 1953 and reaffirmed the Royal Warrant for "Purveyors of Champagne" for Moët & Chandon.

1959: Moët & Chandon Launches Their First New World Project

Moët & Chandon creates a sparkling wine facility in Argentina: Bodegas Chandon.

1959: The First Vintage of Dom Ruinart is Released

Starting with the 1959 vintage, the House of Ruinart paid tribute to his legendary ancestor by creating a prestige vintage, the Cuvée Dom Ruinart, the ultimate expression of the Chardonnay grape in Champagne.

1962: Veuve Clicquot Releases La Grande Dame

VCP's prestige cuvée, La Grande Dame, is released in 1962 paying homage to the Veuve Clicquot herself.

1964: Moët & Chandon Pioneers using Stainless Steel Fermentation Tanks in Champagnge

Moët first Champagne house to start using stainless steel fermenta-on vats.

1970: Cape Mentelle in Margaret River is Founded

Cape Mentelle, one of Margaret River's founding vineyards, has pioneered many of the region's wine styles and is considered a benchmark Margaret River producer. Their first vintage was the 1974.

1971: The First Vintage of Dom Pérignon Rosé

1972: Creation of the Veuve Clicquot Business Woman of the Year Award

1972: Veuve Cliquot launches La Grande Dame

Tailor-made in 1972 to celebrate the House's bicentennial, this masterpiece prestige cuvée was christened La Grande Dame in tribute to Madame Clicquot.

1973: The Founding of Domaine Chandon

Moët-Hennessy bought land in Northern California, planted vineyards and designed Domaine Chandon, an architectural and ecological winery that blends into its surroundings and reflects Chandon's legacy of excellence.

1976: Krug Rosé Created

First Krug Rosé ever created - released in 1984

1977: Grand Marnier Releases Cuvée du Cent Cinquantenaire

Cuvée du Cent Cinquantenaire is created to celebrate the 150th year anniversary of the Grand Marnier distillery.

1977: Newton Vineyard is founded on Spring Mountain

Newton Vineyard was established by Dr. Su Hua and Peter Newton. Widely acclaimed as a California wine trailblazer, Newton was one of the first wineries on Spring Mountain, a rugged yet serene appellation located west of St. Helena on the eastern flank of the Mayacamas range which separates Napa and Sonoma Valleys. It was later acquired by LVMH in 2001.

1985: Cloudy Bay is Founded

1986: Veuve Clicquot joins Moët Hennessy

1987: Schieffelin & Somerset and the Thurgood Marshall College Fund

Schieffelin & Somerset, now MHUSA, becomes one of first corporate supporters of Thurgood Marshall College Fund.

1987: The Toro DO is Created

The Toro DO (Denominacion de Origen, a set of national laws that outline and regulate delimited regional and site-specific wine-growing appellations) was created in 1987 with just four wineries.

1992: Moët & Chandon Becomes the Official Champagne of the Golden Globes

1993: Belvedere is Established

The facility at Polmos Zyrardów, Poland, was constructed in 1910 as the "Distillery and Rectification of Spirit and Vodka" set up by Dawid and Mejer Pines, and started production of Belvedere in 1993.

1998: Numanthia is Founded

The Numanthia estate is situated at Valdefinjas in the Toro region.

1999: Cheval des Andes is Founded

1999: Terrazas de los Andes Winery is Launched

In 1999, Moët Hennessy and Bodegas Chandon founded Terrazas de los Andes winery. The company bought and restored an 1898 Spanish-style winery in the Lujan de Cuyo region for the production of still wines.

2000

2004: Launch of Veuve Clicquot Rosé Non-Vintage

2007: Numanthia Termanthia Awarded 100 Points

In 2007, the Wine Advocate awarded Termanthia (2004 vintage) 100 points.

2011: Moët & Chandon Becomes the Official Champagne of the US Open

2012: Global Ardbeg Day

On June 2, 2012, the first ever global Ardbeg Day was celebrated. Ardbeg!